(2) His sacrifice needed no repetition. It was once, for all. The Greek words ἅπαξ (hapax) (translated ‘once’) and ἐφάπαξ (ephapax) (also translated ‘once’) are used 6 times (7.27; 9.12; 9.26; 9.28; 10.2; 10.10) as also μίαν (mian) (translated ‘one’) (10.12) and μιᾷ (miai) (also translated ‘one’) (10.14) to emphasize His single sacrifice. The priests repeated their work because it was ineffective, but Christ does not need to repeat His, because it is effective. The ‘once and for all’ nature of Christ’s sacrifice is seen in the fact that the Aaronic priest stood while serving, while Christ sat down at God’s right hand because His offering was finished. It had been fully accepted and no further offering was required. His atoning work was done, as declared: ‘Now where there is remission of these, there is no longer an offering for sin’. (Heb 10.18) “Done is the work that saves, once and forever done; Finished the righteousness that clothes the unrighteous one.” (Horatius Bonar)
(3) The third contrast focuses on the nature of Christ’s sacrifice. He entered the sanctuary, not by means of the blood of sacrificed animals but by means of His own blood, since He offered Himself on the cross by the will of God. The ceremonies of the Mosaic Covenant established the principle that blood sacrifice was required,
(i) to inaugurate a covenant,
(ii) to purify the tabernacle and its vessels and
(iii) for the forgiveness of sins, for, “almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission” (Heb. 9:22).
Similarly the blood of the Messiah,
(i) inaugurated the New Covenant,
(ii) brought about purification, and
(iii) achieved forgiveness of sins.
(4) The fourth contrast concerned the effect of the Messiah’s High Priestly work. It sanctifies, not in some external, ceremonial way, but in reality. It cleanses the conscience, and provides full and eternal forgiveness. This is described in many ways, such as eternal redemption; or the cleansing of the conscience; or the removal of sin; or the perfecting of the worshipper; or sanctification; or the forgiveness of sins and lawless acts, etc.
More next time